Part Ⅰ Writing 作文 (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed30 minutes to write a short essay on invention. Your essay should include the importanceof invention and measures to be taken to encourage invention. You are requiredto write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
My View on Invention
Drawing a comparisonbetween modern life and ancient life, we cannot imagine what life will be likenow without invention. Invention must be attached great importance to, as it isinvention that contributes to the advancement of our society. There are severalexamples which can be cited to illustrate this concept. I can think of no betterillustration than the following one. If Edison hadn't invented the light bulb,we would have lived a life as the blind in the night.
Given that inventionplays such an essential role in our life, what can we do to cultivate thisprecious spirit? For one thing, it is advisable for the social media andpublicity department to vigorously inform the public of the importance ofinvention. For another, the relevant authority should set up favorableregulations to encourage invention. For example, they can set up the practiceof giving premiums or issuing patent certificate to inventors.
Finally, Iwant to use the following saying as our mutual encouragement, “Invention is thespirit of human being’s progress.” At no time should we underestimate the powerof invention. Therefore, when an idea comes to your mind next time, just makeyour own invention.
Part Ⅱ Listening Comprehension
1. C) It links the science of climate change to economicand policy issues.
2. B) It would be more costly to deal with itsconsequences than to avoid it.
3. A) The transition to low-carbon energy systems.
4. C) Plan well in advance.
5. B) What determines success.
6. D) It means being good at seizing opportunities.
7. D) Practice is essential to becoming good at something.
8. C) Being passionate about work can make one wealthy.
9. A) The stump of a giant tree.
10. B) Wind and water.
11. D) It was created by supernatural powers.
12. C) By lifting them well above the ground.
13. A) They will buy something from the convenience stores.
14. A) They can bring only temporary pleasures.
15. D) Small daily savings can make a big difference in one’s life.
16. B) They are necessary in our lives.
17. B) They feel too overwhelmed to deal with life’s problems.
18. A) They expand our mind.
19. B) It came from a 3D printer.
20. C) When she was studying at a fashion design school.
21. C) It was hard and breakable.
22. D) It marks a breakthrough in printing material.
23. A) They arise from the advances in technology.
24. D) It is intensely competitive.
25. D) Sharing of costs with each other.
Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension
26.G) hypotheses 假设
27.B) contextual 上下文的，情境的，前后关联的
28.A) arena 舞台，竞技场
29.C) convincing 有说服力的，使人信服的
30.I) incorporate 合并，使并入
32.N) reaping 收获
33.E) digits 数字
34.M) pride 以...自豪
35.F) hasten 加速
36.D) For instance, new technologies that are building upon existing technologyhave not found their footing well enough to appeal to a mass audience…
37.K)That, too, explainsthe heavy Washington presence at this year’sshow, as these new technologies intrude upon heavily regulated areas.
38.B) In some ways, the answer is yes. For years, smartphones, televisions,tablets, laptops and desktops…
39.L) Curran, the Accenture analyst, said that increased government interest inthe show makes sense as technology becomes a larger part of our lives.
40.F) “So much of what CEShas been about is the cool. It is about the flashiness and the gadgets,”…
41.A) Scan the highlights of this year’sConsumer Electronics Show (CES), and you may get a slight feeling of havingseen them before.
42.H) And when it comes to the hyper-connected super-smart world that technologyfirms are painting for us…
43.E) Companies are promoting their own standards, and the marker has not had timeto choose a winner yet as this is still very new.
44.I) Companies have already won part of the battle, having driving tech intoevery part of our lives…
45.C) Basically the tech industry seems to be in an awkward period now.
46.A) it is unfair to those climate-vulnerable nations
47.C) They hardly pay anything for the problems they have caused.
48.C) They have to bear consequences they are not responsible for.
49.B) There is no final agreement on where it will come from.
50.D) Putting in effect the policies in the agreement at once.
51.C) Teenagers’ mental problems are often too conspicuous not to be observed.
52.D) Many hitherto unobserved youngsters may have psychological problems.
53.B) Their behaviors do not constitute a warning signal.
54.A) They are almost as liable to depression as the high-risk group.
55.B) It provides new early-warning signals for identifying teens in trouble.
Part Ⅳ Translation(30 minutes)
With the improvement of livingstandards, holiday is occupying a more and more prominent position in Chinese people’slife. In the past, making a living takes most of Chinese people’s time, whichgives them rare chance to go off on a trip. However, tourism has undergonerapid growth in China for the past few years. The prosperity of economy and theemergence of the affluent middle class trigger an unprecedented tourism boom.Not only does domestic traveling become common, but traveling abroad is alsoenjoying an increasing popularity among Chinese people. During the National Dayholidays in 2017, tourism consumption amounts to more than 400 billion yuan. According to the statistical databy the World Trade Organization, China will have become the world's largesttourism country by 2020, and she will also see the fastest growth in overseastraveling expenditure in the next few years.